Ignasi Aballí studied Fine Arts at the University of Barcelona. Since the 1990's, he has exhibited namely at the Drawing Center (New York), MACBA (Barcelona), ZKM (Karlsruhe), Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (Madrid), Le Printemps de Septembre (Toulouse), Galerie Meessen-de Clercq (Brussels), Galerie Estrany de la Mota (Barcelona), Galerie Elba Benitez, Gagosian gallery (New York), Frac Lorraine (Metz), Centre National d'Art Contemporain Villa Arson (Nice), Fondation Maeght, (Saint-Paul de Vence), la Pinacoteca do Estado of São Paulo.
He has also participated in several international biennials such as the 52nd Venice Biennial in 2007, the Sharjah Biennial in 2007 or the 11th Sydney Biennial in 1998.
Ignasi Aballí received the Joan Miró prize in 2015 for his "successfully completed reflection on the limits of painting in representation, for his meticulous attention to the significant consequences that can be generated by the smallest change made in a strategy of re-giving meaning, as well as for his role as a mentor for younger artists".
A retrospective of his work from 2005 took place at Reina Sofía (Madrid) in 2015 and he will be presenting an exhibition at the Joan Miró Foundation in 2016.